Count grouped elements

Groups the elements of a list based on the given function and returns the count of elements in each group.

  • Use collections.defaultdict to initialize a dictionary.
  • Use map() to map the values of the given list using the given function.
  • Iterate over the map and increase the element count each time it occurs.
from collections import defaultdict

def count_by(lst, fn = lambda x: x):
  count = defaultdict(int)
  for val in map(fn, lst):
    count[val] += 1
  return dict(count)
from math import floor

count_by([6.1, 4.2, 6.3], floor) # {6: 2, 4: 1}
count_by(['one', 'two', 'three'], len) # {3: 2, 5: 1}