Creates a pub/sub (publish–subscribe) event hub with emit, on, and off methods.

  • Use Object.create(null) to create an empty hub object that does not inherit properties from Object.prototype.
  • For emit, resolve the array of handlers based on the event argument and then run each one with Array.prototype.forEach() by passing in the data as an argument.
  • For on, create an array for the event if it does not yet exist, then use Array.prototype.push() to add the handler
  • to the array.
  • For off, use Array.prototype.findIndex() to find the index of the handler in the event array and remove it using Array.prototype.splice().
const createEventHub = () => ({
  hub: Object.create(null),
  emit(event, data) {
    (this.hub[event] || []).forEach(handler => handler(data));
  on(event, handler) {
    if (!this.hub[event]) this.hub[event] = [];
  off(event, handler) {
    const i = (this.hub[event] || []).findIndex(h => h === handler);
    if (i > -1) this.hub[event].splice(i, 1);
    if (this.hub[event].length === 0) delete this.hub[event];
const handler = data => console.log(data);
const hub = createEventHub();
let increment = 0;

// Subscribe: listen for different types of events
hub.on('message', handler);
hub.on('message', () => console.log('Message event fired'));
hub.on('increment', () => increment++);

// Publish: emit events to invoke all handlers subscribed to them, passing the data to them as an argument
hub.emit('message', 'hello world'); // logs 'hello world' and 'Message event fired'
hub.emit('message', { hello: 'world' }); // logs the object and 'Message event fired'
hub.emit('increment'); // `increment` variable is now 1

// Unsubscribe: stop a specific handler from listening to the 'message' event'message', handler);